The Eastern Himalaya and North Eastern Himalaya are one of the Biodiversity Hotspots and a variety of wildlife is available in this region. The ecosystem is a combination of Singalila Ridge, Sub-Himalayan forests and high mountains continued to Nepal. The topographic features are more in Eastern Himalayas rather than central Himalayan range. The important species include snow leopard, Greater one-horned rhinoceros, Red Panda, Royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, Indian bison, Asian Black bear, Himalayan vulture, etc. available in this region.

The biodiversity of Eastern Himalaya and North Eastern region is unique due to its availability of very rare wildlife species. In this region 163 globally threatened species are found here and the 300 mammals, 977 species of birds, 176species of reptiles, 105 species of amphibians including 10,000 species of plants are also available. One-horned rhinos, red panda, golden langurs, etc are very important rare species of the Eastern Himalayas.

While visiting this rare region of this country, one can visit the below mentioned National Parks, wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere reserves.

Gorumara National Park

Garumara National Park was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1949 and in 31st Jan1994 It received the status of National Park. It is in the Dooars region and in this forest 50 species of mammals including Indian rhinoceros, Indian bison, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, sambar, barking deer, wild boar etc are available. In case of birds, it is one of the ideal places for the bird watchers as 194 species of birds are available here including sunbird, spangled drongo, Indian hornbill, Asian paradise flycatchers etc. Reptiles are also one of the important available members of this forest including king cobra, Indian python etc. Every morning and afternoon their will be a facility to enjoy jeep safari and tribal dance inside a forest village.

Jaldapara National Park

Jaldapara National Park is also another important forest of the region and this is the place of many rare flora and fauna. Total 289 species of Great one-horned Rhinoceros are available here. Jaldapara was declared as wildlife sanctuary in 1941 and presently the area is about 216.51 sq km. Apart from Rhino, there are many other wildlife species available here including bisons, deer, Leopard etc. From the tourism point of view jeep safari and elephant safari both are available here.

Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR)

Buxa Tiger Reserve is the 15th tiger reserve of India and it was created in 1983. BTR has also another importance from historical aspects as there was a historic Buxa Fort which is related with the history of Indian freedom movement. This is the home of different animals and bird’s species including Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, giant squirrel, etc. There are many endangered animals’ area also available including leopard cat, Bengal florican, hog deer etc.

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is one of the World Heritage Sites of the world. This national park is famous for the availability of Rhinoceroses and total 2,413 no of Rhino are available in this forest. Kaziranga is an amalgamation of tropical moist broadleaf forest, marshland, and elephant grass land. river Brahmaputra flows inside the areas of the forests and it helps to create a tranquil and beautiful natural landscape of the region. There are many threatened species available in this forest, which are listed in the IUCN Red data list including Greater One Horned Rhinoceros, wild Asiatic water buffalo, eastern swamp deer etc. The facility of jeep and elephant safari in the morning and afternoon is also available in various locations of the forest. It is an ideal place for the wildlife lovers and the birdwatchers.